Denmark

Danmark
 
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Isblink 
 
The sun has failed me,
The light has gone,
The darkness
of the Polar night
has settled over the Earth.
Far away where I shelter
ISBLINK - the sparkling ice embraces me
Memories pursue me,
- and some I must nourish
for they give me strength;
Oh, how they need to be seen...
Look, I have written you a poem of all my thoughts.....
 

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Inge Lehmann and Project Vela Uniform

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Inge Lehmann, wrote her last scientific paper aged 99 and lived until nearly 105.
 
In 1936 she discovered the Earth has a solid inner core surrounded by a liquid molten outer core, separated by what was to become known as the Lehmann Discontinuity. Her research was theorised in a paper simply entitled P′. Her discoveries were confirmed in 1970, when sensitive seismographs detected waves deflecting off the solid core.
 
Unable to be appointed to a professorship, because she was a woman and under-valued in her homeland, she moved from Denmark to the USA in 1953, at the invitation of Professor Maurice Ewing, Director of the Lamont Geological Observatory at Columbia University.  
 
Seismological research was regarded as a somewhat backwater of academic endeavour in the 1950's in comparison to the more prestigous and exciting areas of atomic physics and radio astronomy, but suddenly seismology became the new 'hot' research field, due to the requirement to monitor clandestine underground nuclear testing. The need for surveillance to monitor secret nuclear tests led to Project Vela, which had three components: Vela Hotel, a satellite programme to monitor nucleat tests; Vela Uniform, seismic monitoring; and Vela Sierra, an advanced satellite system, detecting testing in outer space and the atmosphere. 
 
Beginning a new stage in her life at the age of 70, provided by the opportunities of well funded research through the Vela Uniform programme, looking back on her life she said 'it had been a long rich life full of victories and good memories'.
 
Inge Lehmann FRS, born Copenhagen 1888, died Copenhagen 1993.

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Continuing Adult Education in Denmark 

Danish Folk High Schools 

The concept of the Danish Folk High School is expressed as "non-formal adult education" with no exams (prohibited) and no academic requirements for admittance, but characterised by professionalism and dedication. It is conducted within a collegiate atmosphere, first experienced by its founder N.F.S. Grundvig at Trinity College, Cambridge. A very wide range of subjects are taught with many in English, including: humanistic subjects and languages; sports, physical education and gymnastics; arts and creative subjects; media, social science, politics and travel; music, theatre and dancing; nature, science and health; and food and lifestyle. Included, beyond the academic; film, jazz music, free-skiing, snow boarding and diving to professional levels are also taught.

To read more about this unique Danish concept, a website is available describing courses and providing further information, through online videos and brochures.....

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The Scandinavian
Law of Jante
culture and personality

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Aksel Sandemose (1899-1965), along with N.F.S Grundvig, the founder of the Danish Folk High School movement, is one of the most influential of Danish writers, although being born and dying in Denmark, he spent much of his life living in Norway.
 
Sandermose's, influence across Scandinavia, even today is large, especially in the areas of education and overall culture, manifesting itself in such diverse ways, as how people interact, their values and the clothes they wear.
 
The Law of Jante (Janteloven), emphasis equality and denigrates overt displays and speech reflecting personal individualism, what might be termed in modern parlance as 'showboating'. It is set out in his book 'A Fugitive Crosses His Tracks' (En flyktning krysser sitt spor), 1933. A novel based on the community and inhabitants of the fictional Danish town Jante, representing his home town of Nykøbing Mors, Jutland, West Denmark.....

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Living on the West Coast

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The wild geese fly high and fast, in a V-formation and come from the land of the ice bear, if you are watching the sky for their arrival, they may well suddenly appear low, then turn sharply, their wings changing their beat and shape and then often in a cacophony of sound, they splash and touchdown. A spiritual symbol of freedom, the wild geese of the North - Greylag, Brent, Barnacle, Pink-Footed and even sometimes the Snow Goose, some from Svalbard and Novaya Zemlya north of Siberia, have landed, to join the Bittern and Marsh Harrier at Tipperne, a shallow water and marsh land at the southern end of Ringkøbing Fjord, Denmark. 

 

I live on the West Coast of Denmark, just south of Hvide Sande, which in English means White Sand, on Holmsland Dune, an isthmus some 40 kms long and 1-2 kms wide. My house is built of wood and has a thatch roof and lies amongst the sand dunes, some five minutes walk from the Vesterhavet - Western Ocean, in English the North Sea.

 

The ocean is in front of me to the west and behind me to the east is Ringkøbing Fjord and to the south is the village of Nymindegab. South East is the old Viking village of Kirkehøj, now called Bork Havn, in English - Bork Harbour, from where the Vikings set sail to explore the world. Tipperne lies to the south east of Hvide Sande.....

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